【作 者】Xuchao Zhao1, Christine Floss2, Yangting Lin1,4, and Maitrayee Bose3
【摘 要】We report the presolar grain inventory of the CR chondrite Grove Mountain 021710. A total of 35 C-anomalous grains (∼236 ppm) and 112 O-anomalous grains (∼189 ppm) were identified in situ using NanoSIMS ion imaging.Of 35 C-anomalous grains, 28 were determined to be SiC grains by Auger spectroscopy. Seven of the SiC grains were subsequently measured for N and Si isotopes, allowing classification as one nova grain, one Y grain, one Z grain, and four mainstream grains. Eighty-nine out of 112 O-anomalous grains belong to Group 1, indicating origins in low-to-intermediate-mass red giant and asymptotic giant branch stars. Twenty-one are Group 4 grains and have origins in supernovae. Auger spectroscopic elemental measurements of 35 O-anomalous grains show that 33 of them are ferromagnesian silicates. They have higher Mg/(Mg+Fe) ratios than those reported in other meteorites, suggesting a lower degree of alteration in the nebula and/or asteroid parent bodies. Only two oxide grains were identified, with stoichiometric compositions of MgAl2O4 and SiO2, respectively. The presolar silicate/oxide ratio of GRV 021710 is comparable with those of the CR3 chondrites (QUE 99177 and MET 00426) and primitive interplanetary dust particles. In order to search for presolar sulfides, the meteorite was also mapped for S isotopes. However, no presolar sulfides were found, suggesting a maximum abundance of 2 ppm. The scarcity of presolar sulfides may be due to their much faster sputtering rate by cosmic rays compared to silicates.
【关键词 】astrochemistry – circumstellar matter – novae, cataclysmic variables – nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances – stars: winds, outflows – supernovae: general Online-only material: color figures