【作 者】WANG Daode (王道德)1, LIN Yangting (林杨挺)1, LIU Xiaohan (刘小汉)2 & JU Yitai (琚宜太)2
【摘 要】Concentrations of noble gases of two Antarctic meteorites (GRV 98002, 98004) from Chinese collections, and the Guangmingshan and Zhuanghe chondrites were measured. Based on the petrography and mineralogy of these meteorites, and production rates of the cosmogenic nuclides, we calculated cosmic-ray exposure and gas retention ages of the four chondrites. Exposure ages of the four chondrites are 0.052 Ma ± 0.008 Ma (GRV 98004, H5), 17.0 Ma ± 2.5 Ma (GRV98002, L5), 3.8 Ma ± 0.6 Ma (Zhuanghe, H5), and 68.9 Ma ± 10 Ma (Guangmingshan, H5), respectively. The exposure age of GRV 98004 is the lowest value of Antarctic meteorites reported up to date; while that of Guangmingshan is higher than other Chinese meteorites of H-group. Both GRV 98002 and Zhuanghe have low 4He concentrations, probably due to shock effects or solar heating at orbits with small perihelion distances during cosmic-ray exposure. On the other hand, losses of cosmogenic 3He and 4He are correlated with both GRV 98002 and Guangmingshan.
【关键词 】chondrite, noble gas, cosmic-ray exposure age